A survey of medical students' attitudes and practices towards narcotics and psychotropic drugs

Shahab Dastmardi, Morteza Rahbar Taromsari, Hamid Mohammadi Kojidi, Ardalan Majidinia, Fariba Asgari Bozayeh, Kourosh Delpasand


Substance abuse is one of the major behavioral problems in today's human society. One of the medical uses of drugs is to relieve the pain and suffering of patients. Today, due to the widespread use of narcotics and psychotropic drugs in the control and treatment of the disease and also its use among medical students, the present study aimed to determine the attitude and practice of medical students towards the use of narcotics and psychotropic drugs. The present study was a cross-sectional analytical study that was performed on 102 medical interns of Guilan University of Medical Sciences who were selected by available methods. To collect information, a researcher-made questionnaire was used which has three sections including a checklist of demographic information, attitude assessment questionnaire of medical students and performance assessment questionnaire. The mean age of the interns was 23.8±0.21 years. In the analysis of the results, it was found that there is a significant relationship between marital status and residence status with performance score. Based on the results of the present study, the level of students' knowledge about narcotics and psychotropic drugs among them is not at the desired level. Therefore, due to the lack of knowledge of medical students about the dangerous side effects of these drugs, education on the nature, symptoms, and side effects of psychotropic substances is recommended.


Narcotics; Psychotropic; Medical students; Drugs


children-E-book: Elsevier Health Sciences; 2018.

Abbasi-Ghahramanloo A, Fotouhi A, Zeraati H, Rahimi-Movaghar A. Prescription drugs, alcohol, and illicit substance use and their correlations among medical sciences students in Iran. Int J High Risk Behav Addict. 2015; 4(1):e21945.

Pishchulin VI, Rogacheva LI, Fokina LV, Fadeeva O, Novikov R, Kolupaev RV. Drug addiction prevention: experience of high education institute. Life Sci J. 2014; 11(12):566-9.

Rahimi Pordanjani S, Fallah Zadeh H, Mousavi M, Khazaei S, Sohrabivafa M, Momenabadi V, et al. Prevalence and Reasons for Psychoactive Drugs Use Among University Students of Medical Sciences in Yazd, Iran. Iran J Psychiatry Behav Sci. 2018; 12(1):e9384.

Cox RG, Zhang L, Johnson WD, Bender DR. Academic performance and substance use: findings from a state survey of public high school students. J Sch Health. 2007; 77(3):109-15.

Ashrafi Hafez A, Fakor Ziba M, Babaee Haidar Abadi A, Hosaini F, Razmposh E, Gharlipour Z, et al. Assessment of Psychoactive Substances Use and Their Associated Factors Among Students of Shiraz University and Shiraz University of Medical Sciences. J Ilam Univ Med Sci. 2013; 21(4):58-66.

Bastani P, Marshall BDL, Rahimi-Movaghar A, Noroozi A. The risk environments of people who use drugs accessing two harm reduction centers in Tehran, Iran: A qualitative study. Int J Drug Policy. 2019; 63:90-6.

McHugh RK, Hearon BA, Otto MW. Cognitive behavioral therapy for substance use disorders. Psychiatr Clin North Am. 2010; 33(3):511-25.

Grella CE, Lovinger K. Gender differences in physical and mental health outcomes among an aging cohort of individuals with a history of heroin dependence. Addict Behav. 2012; 37(3):306-12.

Sinha R. Chronic stress, drug use, and vulnerability to addiction. Ann N Y Acad Sci. 2008; 1141:105-30.

McLellan AT. Substance Misuse and Substance use Disorders: Why do they Matter in Healthcare? Trans Am Clin Climatol Assoc. 2017; 128:112-30.

Nattel S. Antiarrhythmic drug classifications. A critical appraisal of their history, present status, and clinical relevance. Drugs. 1991; 41(5):672-701.

Sajjadi M, Shariatifar N, Matlabi M, Abbasnezhad A, Basiri K, Nazemi H. The rate of knowledge and attitude toward psychoactive drugs and its abuse prevalence in Gonabad University students. Horizon Med Sci. 2009; 15(2):58-64.

Masibo RM, Mndeme E, Nsimba SE. An assessment of knowledge, attitudes and practices of psychoactive substance use among secondary school students in Dodoma Municipality, Tanzania. American J Res Commun. 2013; 1(4):200-40.

Ahmadi-Nejad M, Jadidi F, Dehghani MR, Divsalar K. Studying prevalence and pattern of taking narcotic and ecstasy drugs by patients admitted to special care centers of shahid bahonar hospital, Kerman, Iran. Addict Health. 2012; 4(1-2):57-64.

DOI: https://doi.org/10.52547/10.52547/JCBioR.2.3.120


  • There are currently no refbacks.

Copyright (c) 2021 © The Author(s)

Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International License.