First report of simultaneous assessment of hepatitis A virus and hepatitis E virus seroprevalence among soldiers in Iran

Khodayar Ghorban, Maryam Dadmanesh, Hasan Mohammadnezhad, Hamed Naziri

Abstract


Hepatitis E virus (HEV) and Hepatitis A virus (HAV) have been considered as common causes of viral hepatitis to military service members since their discovery. Although Iran has been recognized as an endemic country for HAV and HEV there is no study about HAV and HEV simultaneous prevalence among Iranian soldiers. The purpose of this study was to assess anti-HAV and anti-HEV antibodies in Iranian soldiers concurrently. In this cross-sectional study, a total of 400 serum samples were collected by simple random sampling for detection of anti-HAV and anti-HEV IgG by commercial HEV enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA) kit. Out of 400 individuals, all participants were male with ages ranging from 18 to 26 years. Totally, 12% and 0.5% of the tested specimens were positive for anti-HAV and anti-HEV respectively. There were no significant differences between the subjects grouped according to age groups. Our finding presented a dramatic decrease in seropositivity against HAV. Therefore, vaccination for HAV should be reevaluated for military services in Iran.


Keywords


HAV, HEV, Soldiers, Iran

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DOI: https://doi.org/10.52547/JCBioR.3.1.129

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